What Is Telemedicine

Telemedicine is the delivery of healthcare via telecommunication technologies ICT, it could be as simple as two healthcare professionals discussing a patient using videoconferencing technology or as complex as remote tele-robotic surgery.

Telemedicine transcends geography and time and alleviates the need to travel, cutting cost, time and effort by providing quality healthcare at the patient's geographical location. It does not substitute the classic relationship between physicians and patients but adds value and make that relationship richer and more collaborative.

By removing the unnecessary geographical restriction of the provider location in the health care innovative telemedicine delivery models can benefit both the health care provider and the patient alike.Telemedicine provides exceptional outreach for doctors and unprecedented access for patients . The patient will be able to receive the appropriate high quality healthcare at his remote geographical location, at the appropriate time by the right specialist with no need to travel.


Advances in information and telecommunications (ICT) have changed the way services are delivered around the globe, and the field of medicine has been no exception. Telehealth, Telemedicine , Wearable Sensors, Augmented reality, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Nanotechnology, Genomics , Proteomics, Metabolomics...and more are the new forces converging to revolutionize healthcare.

Telemedicine is a complex practice with technical, regulatory, legal, financial and organizational procedures. Over the past few years Egypt witnessed a multitude of initiatives piloting different telemedicine programs and models. In 2015 one of the many ongoing telemedicine programs for rural areas achieved the WSIS (World Summit on Information Society) champion award.

“The Egyptian Telemedicine Foundation” (ETF) is a registered non-profit organization founded in 2016 to spearhead the expansion of telemedicine in Egypt and beyond.

The founders of ETF have years of robust experience in telemedicine. They come from the different disciplines that architect telemedicine programs. Doctors, technologists, ICT specialists, business developer who's paths crossed through the different telemedicine programs that have been implemented in Egypt over the past few years. ETF vision is to provide a collaborative matrix unifying the efforts and harnessing the collective experience of the telemedicine stakeholders to expedite modernization of medicine and to pave the way for universal healthcare.


1 - National telemedicine network for Specialized Medical Councils

1 - National telemedicine network for Specialized Medical Councils

Egyptian Ministry of Health


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This program is Funded by Merck Serono Egypt, in order to offer extremely flexible and comfortable service for the patients applying for fully funded health coverage program by the SMC, this program saves millions Egyptian pounds annually off the patients in both direct and indirect costs, also saves efforts & Time for both doctors and Patients .

2 - ICT outreach program overseen by the ICT Trust Fund/MCIT/UNDP/Cairo University

2 - ICT outreach program overseen by the ICT Trust Fund/MCIT/UNDP/Cairo University

Fund/MCIT/UNDP/Cairo University


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This program is championed by Dr Hoda Dahroug of the ICT Trust Fund. Other than telemedicine the program utilizes ICT to address several of needs of the remote communities such as marketing for their native handicraft goods and e-learning. The program was initiated at the Siwa Oasis nestled hundreds of Kilometers from Cairo in the western desert and later extended to Nasr ElNuba in Aswan. The telemedicine arm of the project was initiated and executed in collaboration Kasr AlAini School of Medicine Cairo University, Aswan Heart Center / Magdi Yacoub Foundation and Tele-Med International. The program is now expanding to more sites in Aswan.

3 - Telemedicine outreach program at the Aswan Heart Center Magdi Yacoub Foundation

3 - Telemedicine outreach program at the Aswan Heart Center Magdi Yacoub Foundation

Magdi Yacoub Foundation


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Telemedicine at the Aswan Heart Center - Magdi Yacoub Foundation Aswan Heart Center (AHC) is one of the telemedicine pioneers in Egypt. AHC initiated its telemedicine outreach program in 2010 by creating its first remote site in ElKharga Oasis in the middle of the western desert over 700Km away from Cairo. Championed by Dr. Moemen Moaz ElKharga telemedicine site steadily progressed and encouraged AHC to open its second remote site in Luxor. Heart patients are regularly reviewed at both sites. Patients needing interventions as cardiac catheterization or heart surgery travel to AHC . After having their intervention at AHC they travel back home and are followed up by telemedicine.


  • 1- To be part of innovation in the delivery of healthcare.
  • 2- To promote utilization of telehealth and telemedicine.
  • 3- To create awareness of the value of integrating telehealth and telemedicine in the delivery of healthcare. We will reach out to the general public, healthcare sector, Medical schools, Egyptian Medical Syndicate, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Communication, NGO’s, working groups, medical societies, telecom societies policy makers and governments .
  • 4- To create awareness and be involved in formulation of telemedicine practice models, guidelines and standards.
  • 5- To encourage the different stake holders to integrate telemedicine into healthcare systems to improve quality, equity and affordability of healthcare.
  • 6- To Identify, attract and encourage the different stake holders to join the effort.
  • 7- To engage in planning and implementation of telehealth and telemedicine programs to be able to help the underserved communities and expand cross borders to provide services to the African continent and beyond.
  • 8- To accelerate the implementation of telehealth and telemedicine in underserved communities, Emergency and First Responders, School health, Woman’s health and Child’s Health
  • 9- Use telehealth to improve health awareness and prevention programs particularly in remote, overcrowded regions with special interest for child and woman’s health.
  • 10- Undergo, join and oversee research programs to archive, document and publish information about the different telehealth and telemedicine programs.